Dental implants is another way of replacing missing teeth. Unlike bridges and dentures, dental implants are independent structures that can replace missing teeth without relying on support from adjacent teeth.
A Dental Implant is a titanium cylinder that is placed gently into bone to replace a root of a tooth. The Implant itself is a single unit of a 3 unit system which holds a crown. The 3 units are the Dental Implant, Abutment & Crown. An abutment is made either from titanium or ceramic material and is a small piece that connects to the implant and emerges into the oral cavity through the gum. Abutments have to be customised to the Implant position and their angulation can be altered to give a realistic tooth appearance. The crown is then anchored or cemented to the abutment.
In certain circumstances surgery may also followed by immediate placement of a crown or denture onto the Implants placed. This is applicable in cases where the bone is stable and is usually for patients who have had teeth removed within the last 6 months. Implants can be placed immediately after extraction – as long as the extracted teeth did not exhibit signs of acute infection.
Most of these details will be available to you after your initial consultation and X-rays or a CBCT scan has been taken.
The third stage is impressions and final fit of the ceramic crown, bridgework or denture.